Not everyone gives adequate thought as to the characteristics of their urine. The color, odor and how often you urinate says a lot about your health status. In general terms and without offering diagnosis, these are what to learn from the characteristics of your urine.
- Colorless Urine: Your urine will likely appear colorless especially if you have been drinking a lot of water. Colorless urine can also be a result of diuretic medications. Diuretics are the kind of medications that assist with getting rid of excess fluids in the body.
- Dark or Brown Colored Urine: This is the color of urine when the person is dehydrated. It could also be an indication of liver disease. If the problem is not resolved by drinking extra fluid, seeing your Doctor right away might be the right thing to do.
- Yellow/Orange/Pink Colored Urine: This feature usually follow some food and medications. Watch out for this color of urine after you eat carrot, beet or after taking some medications like Vitamin B2.
- Urine Smell/Odor: A strong foul urine odor can be an indication of a health problem such as urinary tract infection (UTI).
- Foamy/Cloudy Urine: This might be a sign of kidney disease or a sign of infection. Occasionally, people who eat high protein diet can experience foamy urine.
- Green/Blue Colored Urine: This happens especially for people who have indwelling catheters. Usually, this is a sign of infection with UTI.
- Red Colored Urine: Most likely, you are experiencing bleeding if your urine color is bright red. Bleeding, also known as hematuria can occur as a result of kidney stone or cancerous urinary tract.
- Urinary Frequency: How often you urinate can also reveal some health problems. How often individuals produce urine depends on so many factors including age, sex, health status, activities, time of the day, what was eaten/drank, humidity and temperature. A healthy, adult who also is not pregnant, with daily adequate water intake is expected to produce 30mL/hour in urine if measured. Clinically, everyone should be able to produce urine once in every 8 hours.
- Urinary Urgency: Failure to be able to hold bladder or postpone micturition is an indication of over-active bladder. Over-active bladder could be as a result of weak pelvic muscles, excess weight, alcohol or obesity.
Don’t ignore these clues. Immediate attendance can save your life!